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Mopa International airport (North Goa), India


A new international airport at Mopa in North Goa is going to be developed on a public privet partnership (PPP) basis. The airport will start its operation by 2016. The Central government approved the project in June 2010. A New York based firm Ammann & Whitney was appointed as the technical consultant in April 2011.

A small state like Goa has already an airport called Dabolim airport. The airport is maintained by the Indian Navy. According to the activists, no study has been conducted by the government whether a second airport is really needed in a tiny state like Goa. However, according to the Chief Minister of Goa, the increasing air passenger traffic, combined with military restrictions on timing and access to areas of present airport at Dabolim had forced both the central as well as the State Government to start another airport in north Goa.

The plateau where the airport is proposed has 40 lakh cashew trees, thousands of fruit bearing trees and abundant water. Hence, Locals of Mopa are against the proposed Mopa airport, claiming that they would lose their homes, plantations and their livelihood. A group of affected farmers have formed the ‘Mopa Vimantal Pidit Shetkari Saghtana under the leadership of Sandeep Kambli, Hanumant Aroskar and Digambar Tulaskar to fight for their cause. Locals claim that the proposed Greenfield international airport in Mopa is nothing but a ploy by politicians cutting across political lines to push real estate business.

Resolutions adopted by a large gathering at Lohia Maidan in Margao on May 15, 2013 against the Mopa airport had been forwarded to the Chief Minister with a request to immediately stop land acquisition proceess, and to announce Dabolim as the only civilian airport for the State.

The total investment for the airport is $ 608,894,192.07 (Rs. 3800 Crore )

Basic Data

Name of conflict:Mopa International airport (North Goa), India
State or province:Goa
Location of conflict:Mopa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)

Source of Conflict

Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land

Project Details and Actors

Project details

Acquisition of over 23 lakh sq mts land required for the airport.

Project area:1,011
Level of Investment for the conflictive project608,894,192
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:15000
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Ammann & Whitney
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Civil Aviation Ministry, Indian Navy, Airport Authority of India, Indian National Congress party
International and Finance InstitutionsInternational Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS), Mopa Airport-Affected Farmers Committee, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)

Conflict & Mobilization

IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches


Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place


Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Institutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Proposal and development of alternatives:Farmers organised under ‘Mopa Vimantal Peedit Xetkari Samiti’ (MVPXS),from Pernem taluka are neither attracted to the compensation from the government towards their land nor interested in their rehabilitation.
Pro-Mopa groups demand jobs in new Airport Project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Local farmers will not allow government to acquire their land for the proposed Mopa International Airport.
Also, second Airport in the vicinity of already exiting airport (less than 80 KM) is not required.
The second airport will increase north south divide among Goans.

Sources & Materials

Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

*(In new land acquisition Bill, government has issued a document explaining the tenets of the Bill that offers a comprehensive explanation of a law that will change how land is acquired and owners are compensated in India.)

Land Acquisition Act of 1894

Political Economy of Mopa Airport

Mopa International Airport - Goa | Proposed

Mopa is for MLAs real estate benefit, not local farmers

Is Mopa Airport Required ?

Mopa airport project runs into rough weather

Goa to have 2 airports – old and new

Goa to float global tenders for its new airport soon

Villagers oppose new airport project in Goa

Mopa airport project: Clearance after many a controversy

Green field international airport at Mopa being deliberately delayed

Goa govt oppressing farmers over land for Mopa airport: Samiti

Will not allow govt to acquire land for Mopa airport: Pernem farmers

‘Mopa airport will not hit Dabolim operations’

Tender for Mopa international airport in Goa likely by October: Manohar Parrikar

Pro-Mopa Group: Shut Dabolim, Declare Mopa As Only Airport

‘No To Mopa On PPP Model’

Police accused of stifling anti-Mopa airport protests

Goa Chief Minister slammed for continuing to back Mopa airport

Mopa airport is necessary for Goa: BJP


Parrikar attempts to allay fears over international airport at Mopa

Locals demand job quota at proposed Mopa airport in Goa - See more at:

Goa- MOPA Airport a ploy to push real estate rates

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network


Goans For Dabolim Only Rally at Lohia Maidan Margao

Chief Minister assures Mopa Airport only after Dabolim airports existence is confirmed

Other comments:Mopa International Airport

Meta information

Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:948