Last update:

Kediri Airport, Indonesia

Construction of Kediri Airport impacted on residents of six villages, damaging their quality of life and livelihoods. Many complained of low compensation and a small number who remained suffered high levels of dust and noise from construction works.


On 15th April 2020 officials from the Indonesian government and the East Java province attended a virtual groundbreaking ceremony for a new airport in the Kediri regency. The event marked the official start of construction works that had actually begun three months earlier in January when heavy machines were levelling soil, following several delays that were partly caused by some affected residents refusing to release their land for the project due to unpaid compensation. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Kediri Airport, Indonesia
State or province:East Java
Location of conflict:Kediri
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Ports and airport projects
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

In January 2015 Centre for Aviation (CAPA) reported that Bank of Indonesia planned to facilitate negotiations between three local government districts – Kediri, Blitar and Nganjuk – regarding plans to construct Kediri Airport. The government proposed to conduct a USD40,000 feasibility study into the project. In July 2017 East Java Governor Sooekarwo stated that land acquisition for the airport had reached 225 hectares with 75 hectares remaining, with construction to begin in 2018.[5] The Kediri Airport project (also referred to as Dhoho Airport) was approved in 2018. An airport plus adjacent development is shown a graphic of the Kediri Master plan visualising a future tourism and residential complex in this area. Produced by ARKDESIGN Architects and Planners, the ‘MASTER DEVELOPMENT PLAN, PLANTATION RESORT & RESIDENCES’ shows two commercial development areas, a warehouse, utility complex and parking adjoining the airport terminal and cargo buildings. Extending to the southwest is an area allocated for hotels, residences and various tourism facilities including five artificial lakes. The Master plan graphic indicates proximity to Mount Wilis, a solitary volcanic massif amidst the surrounding low-lying plains. The route of a future toll road is shown extending from the southeast of the project site, between the airport and the adjacent development.[1]

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Project area:457 hectares
Level of Investment for the conflictive projectUSD 732,400,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:17/08/2017
Company names or state enterprises:PT Gudang Garam from Indonesia - Kediri Airport owner and investor
Surya Dhoho Investama from Indonesia - Overseeing development of Kediri Airport
PT Davy Sukamta & Partners from Indonesia - Earthworks and construction of box culvert for Kediri Airport
Relevant government actors:East Java Provincial Government
Kediri, Blitar and Nganjuk district governments
Ministry of Transportation
Angkasa Pura 1 (state airport operator)
Bank of Indonesia
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Shareholder/financial activism.
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Refusal of compensation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Other Environmental impacts, Noise pollution
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Soil erosion, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Other Environmental impactsDust and noise from construction works
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsIllnesses caused by pollutants emitted by aircraft
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Other socio-economic impactsBlocked roads reducing access to villages
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Proposal and development of alternatives:Many residents complained of unfair, low compensation for land acquired for Kediri Airport, insufficient to buy similar land elsewhere. A number of residents also said they had been pressured and intimidated to leave their land. The small number of villagers who remained in their homes and businesses as construcion works were underway suffered high levels of dust, cussing health problems, and noise. A zinc wall was erected by the airport develop, blocking off access roads which led to the closure of many small shops.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources & Materials

[1] Earthworks for Kediri Airport and an adjacent development, Rose Bridger, Global Anti-Aerotropolis Movement, 23/04/2021
[click to view]

[2] Soal Pembebasan Lahan Bandara Kediri, Warga Belum Sepakat Harga Tanah, Iman Achdiat,, 11/03/2019
[click to view]

[3] Paying the price of development: Kediri villagers suffer amid airport project, Reno Surya, The Jakarta Post, 19/04/2021
[click to view]

[4] Ready to live in darkness: Villagers around Kediri's new airport say they'll never leave, Reno Surya, The Jakarta Post, 27/04/2021
[click to view]

[5] Kediri Airport, Centre for Aviation (CAPA)
[click to view]

[6] Airport Development News, Issue 4 /2020. Airports Council International in cooperation with Momberger Airport Information
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Rose Bridger, Stay Grounded mapping, email: [email protected]
Last update26/08/2021
Conflict ID:5618
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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