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Hollongi Greenfield Airport, India

The Hollongi Airport project in India is causing displacement of Chakma populations, potential air and water pollution, soil contamination, and biodiversity loss. Activist organizations of the region are protesting.


Chakma people who are settled in Northern part of India are facing the threat of displacement due to the Greenfield Airport Project and related residential and commercial projects in Hollongi. Indian government proposes to have a new airport in Arunachal Pradesh considering the state is the largest in Northeast India, yet there is poor access to it because of a lack of airports. [1] However, Chakma people have been in a unfavored situation for a long time, and there are movements against this airport plan by organisations such as the Chakma Displaced Family Justice Demand Committee (CDFJDC). The CDFJDC was formed to seek justice for the deprived Chakma families who were settled at Hollongi-Kokila by the Indian government after their ancestors fled to India in 1964 due to religious persecution from erstwhile East Pakistan.[2] [3]  

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hollongi Greenfield Airport, India
State or province:Arunachal Pradesh state
Location of conflict:Hollongi
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Land
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The EIA(8) outlines some features of the planned airport. More than 40,000 passengers are expected in the first year, and forecasts indicate more than 95,000 passengers per year by 2030-2031

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Project area:424.281
Level of Investment for the conflictive project132,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:500-800
Start of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:Airports Authority of India (AAI) from India
VIMTA Labs Limited from India - Has done the Environmental assessment for AAI
Relevant government actors:India Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), Chakma Rehabilitation and Resettlement Committee (R&R Committee), Arunachal Pradesh state, Arunachal Pradesh state’s Civil Aviation Ministry
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Chakma Displaced Family Justice Demand Committee (CDFJDC), Chakma Rights and Development Organisation (CRDO), The Papumpare Chakma Welfare Society (PCWS)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Global warming, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Other Health impacts, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:A financial compensation was agreed but not given yet (potential corruption), though land and livelihood loss has already happened.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

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[1] Hollongi airport in Arunachal to have better facilities than Pakyong: Minister,The Economic Times, 1 October 2018
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[2] Arunachal’s Greenfield Airport project: Displaced Chakma families seek CBI probe into ‘anomalies’ in compensation, Northeast Now, 16 February 2021
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[3] Proposed greenfield airport to displace Chakamas,TNN, 6 October 2012.
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[4] 237 Chakma families are at stake due to proposed Airport, Archakmanews, 19 November 2014
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[5] Hollongi green field airport: 156 chakma families have to shift from site, Arunachal24,7 September 2019.
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[6] Hollongi Green field airport | MLA Tara review steps to shift 156 Chakma families to resume works, Arunachal Observer, 8 September 2019.
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[7] Displaced Chakma families allege misappropriation of greenfield airport compensation; file police complaint, Arunachal Times, 19 February 2021.
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[8] Environmental Impact Assessment Study for the Proposed Greenfield Airport at Holongi, ITANAGAR, ARUNACHAL PRADESH, FINAL EIA REPORT. 2018.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Youtube Videos on the displaced Chakma families
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Meta information
Contributor:Ouerle Chao, Moshin Sidi, Kentaro Nunokawa, Nicolas Makeiew
Last update18/03/2021
Conflict ID:5439
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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