Farming and fishing communities are being displaced for offshore gas development in Cabo Delgado, the northernmost province of Mozambique. The situation is complicated by Islamist insurgency; villages have been raided and people killed. The root motivations of these attacks are complex. Sudden arrival of gas companies, in a region that has endured decades of poverty, led to young men suffering high levels of unemployment and lack of livelihoods becoming targets for enrolment by Islamist armed rebels. The first flight to land at Afungi Airstrip, built to serve the Mozambique LNG project in Cabo Delgado, was reported on 20th February 2020. In a 24th February 2020 Al Jazeera article Ilham Rawoot of environmental non-governmental organization Justica Ambiental reported from discussions with villagers from communities being forcibly displaced for gas development in Cabo Delgado. Their concerns and objections to the resettlement process had ‘fallen on deaf ears’. Farming and fishing livelihoods were being lost. Many affected people said compensation was inadequate and in some cases allocation of new plots of arable land triggered conflict because the land encroached on other communities’ farmland. Gas industry jobs they had been promised had not materialized. Mozambique LNG project acquired 6,625 hectares of land on the Afungi Peninsula, in the form of a DUAT (Direito de Uso e Aproveitamento da Terra) - a right to use and benefit from the land. The project includes an airstrip and adjoining project camps. Mozambique LNG: Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) Summary, published in April 2019, includes a graphic indicating the locations of 556 households (2,446 people) who will be displaced by the project. Many of these people will lose access to agricultural land, fishing grounds and intertidal gathering areas. Women are anticipated to be more severely affected due to patriarchal social structures affording them lower status regarding property ownership, land rights and participation in fishing. A small number of the households to be displaced are shown to be located within the site of Afungi airstrip and project camps on the southwest border of the site. The resettlement village site, in the area of the Quitunda settlement, is on the outside of the DUAT boundary, just 300 kilometres from the northern portion of the Afungi airstrip runway. A map in the DUAT Encroachment Management Plan shows sites allocated for the airstrip, camps adjoining the runway and other project camps. Mozambican state oil and gas company Empresa Nacional deHidrocarbonetos (ENH) acquired the DUAT from the Ministry of Agriculture in 2012. Subsequently the DUAT was transferred to Rovuma Basin LNG Land, LDA (RBLL), a joint venture between AMA1, Eni and ENH. Project components specified in Mozambique LNG: Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Summary include airstrips and worker housing. Impacts on community health anticipated in the ESIA from Project workforce and in-migration include communicable diseases, increased demand on health infrastructure, food and nutrition-related issues, community accidents and sexually transmitted diseases. Environmental impacts of the projected influx of people to the project area detailed in the ESIA include reduction of bird habitat quality and indirect impacts on mammals.