Last update:
2022-10-02

Tanjung Awar-Awar power plant, East Java, Indonesia

A 700 MW coal-fired power plant PLTU Tanjung Awar Awar has encountered conflicts with local residents at Wadung village in East Java over the past years due to labor and environmental issues.



Description:

PLTU Tanjung Awar Awar is a two-unit 700MW subcritical coal-fired power plant located at Wadung village, Jenu District, Tuban Regency in East Java, Indonesia [1], [2]. The project was one of the projects in Indonesia’s phase I Fast Track Program (FTP) [3]. It was developed by China National Electric Engineering (CNEEC), China National Machinery Equipment Corp. (Sinomac), and PT Penta Adi Samudra as Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) contractors [1], [2]. The unit 1 of the project achieved its commercial operations date (COD) in February 2014 [2], [4] and unit 2 became operational in January 2014 [5]. It was built on an area of 80 hectares and uses 9,600 tons/unit/day of sub-bituminous coal transported by barges with a capacity of 12,000 DWT from Sumatra and Kalimantan [6], [7]. It is owned and operated by PLN’s subsidiary PT Pembangkitan Jawa-Bali (PT PJB) [1], [4], [8].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Tanjung Awar-Awar power plant, East Java, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:East Java
Location of conflict:Wadung Village, Jenu District, Tuban Regency
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Tanjung Awar Awar power plant is a two-unit 700MW coal-fired power plant located at Wadung village, Jenu District, Tuban Regency in East Java, Indonesia [1], [2]. The project was one of the projects in Indonesia’s phase I Fast Track Program (FTP) [3]. The unit 1 of the project achieved its commercial operations date (COD) in February 2014 [2], [4] and unit 2 became operational in January 2014 [5]. It was developed by China National Electric Engineering Company (CNEEC), China National Machinery Equipment Corp. (Sinomac), and PT Penta Adi Samudra as Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) contractors [1], [2]. It was built on an area of 80 hectares and uses 9,600 tons/unit/day of sub-bituminous coal transported by barges with a capacity of 12,000 DWT from Sumatra and Kalimantan [6], [7]. It is owned and operated by PLN’s subsidiary PT Pembangkitan Jawa-Bali (PT PJB) [1], [4], [8].

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Project area:80
Level of Investment for the conflictive project588,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:3,000
Start of the conflict:01/01/2010
Company names or state enterprises:PT Penta Adi Samudra from Indonesia - EPC contractor
China National Machinery and Equipment Import and Export Corporation (CMEC) from China - EPC contractor
China National Electric Engineering Corporation (CNEEC) from China - EPC contractor
PT Pembangkitan Jawa-Bali (PJB) from Indonesia - Owner and operator
PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) from Indonesia - Owner and operator
Relevant government actors:Tuban Regency
International and Finance InstitutionsBank of China (BOC) from China
China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation (Sinosure) from China
Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) from Indonesia
Bank Rakyat Indonesia from Indonesia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local villagers from Wadung Village, Rawasan Village, Mentoso Village, Kaliuntu Village, and Beji Village.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsRespiratory health impact on local residents due to coal dust
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:The company expressed on its website that it is committed to protecting the biodiversity in the area, while it is unclear to what extent it has addressed the concerns expressed by local residents.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It is unclear to what extent the company addresses the complaints expressed by the local communities in terms of social and environmental issues.
Sources & Materials

[1] “Tanjung Awar-Awar power station,” Global Energy Monitor, Aug. 28, 2021. https://www.gem.wiki/Tanjung_Awar-Awar_power_station (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[2] “Tanjung Awar-Awar Power Plant Construction Project,” AidData. https://china.aiddata.org/projects/38611/ (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[3] “Chinese firms make strong presence in Indonesia power sector,” People’s Daily Online, Oct. 08, 2007. http://en.people.cn/90001/6278557.html (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[4] “Tanjung Awar-awar Power Plant, Indonesia,” Power Technology. https://www.power-technology.com/marketdata/tanjung-awar-awar-power-plant-indonesia/ (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[5] A. Hernawan, “PLTU Tanjung Awar-Awar Tuban support program listrik 35 ribu MW,” LensaIndonesia, Oct. 31, 2016. https://www.lensaindonesia.com/2016/10/31/pltu-tanjung-awar-awar-tuban-support-program-listrik-35-ribu-mw.html (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[6] “File: Batu Bara Untuk Energi Listrik,” The Jakarta Post Images, Oct. 07, 2019. https://www.thejakartapostimages.com/images/view/37367 (accessed Oct. 02, 2022).
[click to view]

[7] “Profil - PLTU Tanjung Awar-Awar,” PT PJB. https://pjbtuban.com/profil/ (accessed Oct. 02, 2022).
[click to view]

[8] “Tanjung Awar Awar Coal Power Plant Indonesia,” Global Energy Observatory. http://globalenergyobservatory.org/geoid/44937 (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[9] A. Wildan Habibi and J. M., “Perlawanan Masyarakat terhadap CSR PT. PJB Tuban,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/download/32453/29287/
[click to view]

[10] “Warga 5 Desa Demo PLTU Tanjung Awar-Awar Tuban,” Detik News, Jul. 05, 2010. https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-timur/d-1393205/warga-5-desa-demo-pltu-tanjung-awar-awar-tuban (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[11] “Ratusan Warga Blokir Proyek PLTU Tuban Tuntut Manajer PJB Dipecat,” Detik News, Feb. 11, 2014. https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-timur/d-2492840/ratusan-warga-blokir-proyek-pltu-tuban-tuntut-manajer-pjb-dipecat (accessed Oct. 01, 2022).
[click to view]

[12] ESDM, "Energy Ministry Says Cofiring Improves Biomass Economies of Scale", June 22, 2021.
[click to view]

[13] PT PJB, Facebook post accessed in October 2022 at https://www.facebook.com/ptpjb/photos/pcb.1897706550389959/1897706463723301/.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EJAtlas team
Last update02/10/2022
Conflict ID:5945
Comments
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